Most pole shift-related burns will likely be the thermal (heat) type which we discussed in length above.
However, there and the three other burn types: chemical, radiation and electrical. These burns have unique care
- Radiation Burns:
- These are similar to heat burns. These are usually superficial but can be very painful. They may blister.
There again, sunburn is an excellent example of a solar radiation burn. Just cool it and protect it from further
- Electrical Burns:
- The human body can conduct electricity. Thus, when someone comes in contact with an electrical source
such as a downed power line or lightning, he/she conducts the electricity through the body. Electrical
resistance of body parts produces heat which can cause burn injuries. Burn severity depends on the type and
amount of contact, the currents path and length of contact. These burns are often quite deep. You may see
two wounds - an entrance one and a exit one (where the current left the body). Besides the obvious burns,
electrical injuries can cause the heart to stop or beat erratically. Respiratory failure may also occur.
- Signs of electrical burns may include: unconsciousness; dazed or confused behavior; breathing problems
and burns where the current both entered and exited the body (often on the hand or foot).
- To care for an electrical burn victim, first make sure the that the source of electricity is gone and that there
are no other immediate hazards. Check and care for any life-threatening conditions (i.e., cardiac or
respiratory distress). Cover burn injuries with a dry sterile dressing. (If available. If not, use whatever is
available, preferable a dry clean cloth). Give care for shock and then check for fractures.
- Chemical Burns:
- these burns result from chemicals that are strong acids or alkalis. Like heat burns, the stronger the chemical,
the longer the contact, the more severe the burn. To treat, first, remove the chemical from the body as soon
as possible. Then flush with large amounts cool, running water. Remove contaminated clothing while
flushing (if possible). Take care to keep the chemical from being inhaled.
Offered by Lyn.